A Fulani man, Abass Isa, sat on a mat in entrance of his rented residence within the Sabo, Abeokuta, Ogun State, He confronted some youngsters who sat on the ground holding slates with Arabic inscriptions as he reeled out directions to them.
Unbothered concerning the unkempt setting the place flies and dust compete for consideration, Isa referred to as out some Arabic phrases which the younger learners recited in loud voices.
That is the image in Sabo, when Saturday PUNCH visited the Fulani settlement, the place Hausa and Fulani women and men reside, mingling with their Yoruba host.
It was noticed that the settlement affords Hausa and Fulani to combine freely with the Yoruba. The connection signifies a mix of cultures and tribes with out rancour.
Within the settlement, the dwellers who’re largely Hausa and Fulani eke out a dwelling by way of the driving of business cabs and bikes. In addition they promote roasted cow meat popularly referred to as suya. A number of the Fulani ladies have been seen participating in buying and selling in some issues like a number of the Yoruba ladies dwelling close to them.
The dwellers ostensibly reside collectively in peace and concord. In latest instances, many individuals within the South-West have been suspicious of the actions of Fulani of their area. It is because some killer herders have unleashed terror in some Yoruba communities, maiming, kidnapping and killing.
Lots of the settlements positioned on the outskirts of the villages they reside weren’t completely different from the homes constructed by their Yoruba host. Their houses have been constructed with blocks and seem like of the identical buildings as lots of the homes constructed by their host dwellers. Additionally, few others retained their tradition by dwelling in huts near bushes.
Seriki Fulani, Sabo, Abeokuta, Bashir Musa, stated he was born 42 years in the past within the state capital by Fulani dad and mom from Kebbi and Katsina states.
Musa stated his dad and mom, although, Fulani knew nowhere else as their residence other than Abeokuta after spending 60 years within the gateway state earlier than their demise.
In a number of the settlements visited which included Sabo, Abeokuta, Eggua in Yewa-North, Papa in Ewekoro, Kara in Rounder, Eggua and Oja-Odan, it was noticed that a number of the Fulani reside in huts. This type of housing construction was seen at Mawuko Village within the Odeda Native Authorities Space of the state.
At Papa Village within the Ewekoro Native Authorities Space of the state, the settlement was constructed with blocks and the realm has many trendy buildings. In addition to, the Fulani and their host constructed homes close to one another.
The milieu the place the buildings have been erected was clear with completely different designs whereas uncompleted buildings additionally littered the realm. Our correspondent famous that it will be troublesome to know the distinction between the Yoruba and Fulani buildings due to the same design regardless of slight variations.
Nonetheless, within the Mawuko space, a slight distinction was seen within the Fulani buildings there. It was noticed that the settlement was in two folds; whereas one is of the outdated construction, the others are trendy buildings. The outdated buildings have huts and have been surrounded by bushes. Solely ladies have been at residence when Saturday PUNCH visited the place. They claimed that their husbands have been away at work in Kara (a spot the place cows are bought). The huts which have been scattered in a circle and surrounded by bushes occupy a forest at Mawuko.
The ladies have been seen making milk popularly referred to as ‘wara’ within the expansive compound. In addition they refused to speak to our correspondent, saying solely their husbands might achieve this and that it’s in opposition to their tradition to speak to strangers with out their husbands’ permission.
They spoke to our correspondent in Yoruba however they weren’t fluent within the language.
At Kara market, it was gathered that the Fulani have a brand new web site at Abule Agbo, Ajonbo neighborhood in Mawuko, and one in all them who was not too busy supplied to take our correspondent there.
A go to to Abule Agbo confirmed that the place additionally has homes constructed with blocks and concrete.
Talking with the Seriki Fulani of Abule Agbo, Umaru Abdulaih, he famous that modernisation made them relocate from their former settlement to new locations and to construct trendy homes.
Abdulaih who claimed they migrated to the realm about 35 years in the past stated they have been dwelling with their host like one household.
The Seriki Fulani who spoke Yoruba fluently added that they have been from Kwara State and generally known as the indigenous Fulani (Fulani Ibile). He additional stated Fulani has completely different tribes.
Equally, the Seriki Fulani of Kara Paapa, Alhaji Ahmad Adam, stated their tribe of Fulani is completely different from those alleged of abducting and killing harmless Nigerians.
He said that their Fulani tribe had been dwelling peacefully with their Yoruba neighbours with none rancour or disaster.
The 2 Serikis Fulani famous that their youngsters and that of Yoruba attended the identical faculties and performed collectively.
On inter-tribal marriage between the Yoruba and Fulani, they stated they’d enable their youngsters to marry from different tribes up to now there was love and understanding between the 2 households.
Other than saying they converse Yoruba fluently, they added that in addition they eat a number of Yoruba meals akin to eba, amala, tuwo and others.
The Seriki Fulani of Kara Paapa added, “Our kids attend regular faculty like many Yoruba youngsters. We’re the identical and there’s no discrimination amongst us. We converse the identical language, eat the identical meals and for over 30 years we’ve got been dwelling in peace.
“Many people interact in different enterprise other than cattle rearing. Now we have individuals who work as civil servants. Now we have attorneys, financial institution employees, mechanics and different professions amongst us. It’s not that each Fulani rear cows as it’s broadly believed. Now we have people who go to highschool and people in different professions other than those who rear cows.’’
Talking on the assaults by Fulani herdsmen in some components of the state, Chief Imam of the Kara Papa, Alhaji Ibrageem Maisaye, stated that in addition they confronted an analogous state of affairs.
Maisaye additional stated that a few of their members at Kara have been additionally kidnapped by the suspected killer Fulani herders whom he famous have been of various origin.
He said, “Now we have completely different Fulani herdsmen. Whereas we’re from Kwara, some are from the North and others are from Niger. Although in addition they converse Fulani, they might not perceive Yoruba like us.
“We additionally endure losses due to their assaults. The issue is that they reside within the bush and so they generally assault our folks. They’ve kidnapped a few of us and we paid ransoms earlier than they have been launched.
“They at all times take their cows to feed on grasses in our space. We aren’t the identical. We’re from completely different backgrounds and we don’t even know them.”
The Seriki Fulani of Abule Agbo nonetheless stated Fulani from different tribes weren’t allowed to reside of their area. He defined that they at all times did background checks and likewise acquired approval of the Baale of the neighborhood the place they reside earlier than admitting any stranger into their midst.
The Seriki Fulani added, “We’re proactive in our dealings with strangers locally. We don’t enable those who we don’t know to remain in our neighborhood even when the particular person is Fulani and seen as a wierd face, we alert the Baale of the neighborhood.
“We live peacefully with our host. There isn’t a trigger for alarm. Our Yoruba neighbours are accommodating and we consider that there can’t be an issue between us.”
He additionally said that the enterprise of their wives was to promote milk drawn from the cows they rear.
In Oja-Odan and Eggua, a number of the Fulani leaders’ huts have been set ablaze throughout the peak of the farmer-herder disaster. Fulani are in nearly all components of the state and plenty of of them have been stated to have been born within the state. The Fulani residents in lots of components of the state converse Yoruba fluently and mingle with their host.
A few of them come from northern components of the nation and neighbouring Chad, Niger, Benin Republic to graze their cows throughout the dry season.
It was additionally noticed that their huts have been positioned in remoted locations particularly bushy areas earlier than such areas turned developed. Saturday PUNCH famous that each the Fulani women and men have been concerned in farming in addition to different buying and selling actions.
One of many dwellers who didn’t give his title stated Fulani had the potential to talk any language other than Fulfulde wherever they discovered themselves.
It was noticed that social facilities akin to potable water, healthcare amenities, electrical energy and faculties have been missing within the settlements visited by Saturday PUNCH.
Findings confirmed that there have been many Fulani settlements within the state and every settlement is made up of an prolonged household of a mean of 20 folks, associated by blood or marriage. A number of the settlements are positioned in distant areas and the roads linking to the closest host communities are in unhealthy situation.
Many Fulani herders have been accused of grazing their cows on farms thereby destroying crops. This led to the anti-open grazing legislation throughout many southern states within the nation.
There have been additionally some Fulani leaders within the common Kara market in Rounder Abeokuta serving because the headquarters of Fulani settlements within the state.
The Kara market positioned on Ayetoro highway near 35 Brigade Alamala Barracks, Abeokuta, is sandwiched by homes and retailers owned by some Yoruba.
The villagers seem to take pleasure in shut relationship. Some Yoruba have been seen working on the Kara market serving as interpreters for non-Hausa audio system who come to the place to purchase cows and different dairy merchandise.
In his remark, Fifty-two-year-old Seriki of Fulani in Ogun State who can also be the Chairman, Miyetti Allah within the state, Alhaji Ibrahim Dende, recalled that after they have been sufficiently old to know what was proper and fallacious, they lived with youngsters of their host.
Dende stated, “We went to highschool collectively and did every thing collectively. We performed collectively with none drawback, with out anybody being offended with the opposite. At any time when they wanted cow meat, they’d meet us. If their fathers have been coming back from their farms, they introduced yams for us. We have a good time issues collectively.’’
He famous that in every of the 20 Native Authorities Areas of the state, he had a consultant who can also be the Seriki Fulani within the space. In accordance with him, there are 48 leaders of Fulani within the state who take directions from him.
He stated, “Within the 20 LGAs, I’ve one consultant every. There isn’t a place I don’t have a consultant. There are 22 Seriki Fulani in Ogun State and their deputies are additionally 22. If they arrive for a gathering, they’re normally 48 in quantity. ‘’
Dende famous that the serikis throughout the state have been able to resolving any points inside their domains.
He stated, “They aren’t on their very own. We’re collectively as a result of a few of them are older than me. Some are as outdated as my father, elder brother and others.’’
The mix of cultures may very well be seen in the best way Yoruba and their Fulani guests fancy the delicacies of one another and inter-tribal marriages. A Fulani man in Sabo, Bello Adamu, who spoke with our correspondent, stated some males in his tribe married Yoruba ladies.
He stated, “I witnessed the ceremony some years in the past when one of many males, Jubril Kabiru, married a Yoruba lady in Sabo. The Fulani man is an officer with the Nigerian Immigration Service. After the wedding, he restricts his spouse’s motion.’’
A Yoruba man residing at Sabo, Rahman Akole, stated he drinks Fura which some Fulani ladies make. At Sabo, some Yoruba residents who spoke with our correspondent described their relationship with the Fulani within the space as cordial.
One other resident of Sabo, Tajudeen Alaye, stated he enjoys enterprise relationships with a few of his Fulani pals.
He stated, “We relate nicely and their costs on any issues they promote are inexpensive. They promote high quality issues and the costs are additionally cheap.’’
Additionally talking, Kabiru Akinola, additionally a resident of Sabo, famous that he most popular shopping for issues from Fulani dwelling within the space.
In accordance with him, they hardly deny him his change and anytime he leaves it and returns to make use of it to buy new issues.
Akinola stated, “Their wives and kids, particularly those that promote dairy merchandise, are additionally pleasant. I’ve a good friend, a Yoruba man, who married one in all their youngsters. Their marriage is straightforward and wonderful. They’re a cheerful couple. In reality, my good friend makes the Fulani lady his third spouse and there’s no hassle.”
Makes an attempt to see Akinola’s good friend who married a Fulani lady have been abortive as he was stated to have travelled and couldn’t be reached on his cell phone.
It’s believed that the most important focus of Fulani is present in Nigeria, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Mali, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Guinea Bissau, Burkina Faso and Ghana.
The Fulani are historically nomadic and merchants. They’re one of the crucial culturally numerous teams in Africa, spreading throughout many international locations in West, Central and Japanese Africa. They’re sometimes discovered throughout the Sahel and West Africa.
They herd cattle, goats and sheep throughout the huge dry hinterlands of their area and past. They’re additionally identified to be artisans who make handcrafts akin to baskets and mats.
It’s not unusual to see Fulani ladies hawking milk merchandise in embellished calabash on their heads. Recent milk is termed ‘Kossam’ and yoghurt ‘Pendidan’. Different meals peculiar to them embody Nyiri; heavy grease manufactured from flour and eaten with soups (Takai, Haako) constructed from tomatoes, peppers and greens.
One other meal frequent to the tribe is fermented milk with corn couscous known as ‘latchiiri’ or ‘dakkere.’ It may be taken as a fluid referred to as ‘garri,’ manufactured from flour cereals.
On particular and particular events they eat meat. In addition they take pleasure in milk, goat cheese and millet with dates blended to supply a thick beverage.
Different staples they take pleasure in embody porridge; groundnuts (peanuts); starches like sorghum, fonio and corn; common native rice referred to as “nyiiri” which they eat with leafy soups (“haako”) constructed from onions, peppers, greens, and sun-dried root greens dishes.
Talking on the Fulani meals’, a Fulani man in Mawuko village, Adamu Abdullahi, famous that tradition impressed the meals. He stated, “We’re nomads, so this implies a lot of our meals are influenced by this life-style. Our meals are largely ready utilizing sun-dried substances and may be preserved for months. It’s a combination of dairy, meat, cereals and plant substances.
“As nomads, we imbibe cultures of the completely different communities we settle in or go to just like the Yoruba in Ogun State, the place we reside. We eat the yams and rice ready by them.’’
Historical past paperwork that the Fulani are identified by completely different names throughout the globe akin to Fula folks in Manding language and may generally be spelled as ‘Fulah’ or ‘Fullah.’
In French they’re referred to as Peul, in Hausa, they’re referred to as Fulani or Hilani; and generally known as Fula or Wolof in Portuguese.
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